Patchouli oil is produced by steam distillation of the dried leaves of Pogostemon Cablin.
The plant is native to tropical regions of Asia, and is now extensively cultivated in China, Indonesia, India, Malaysia, Mauritius, Taiwan, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, as well as West Africa.
Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of patchouli, accounting for over 80% of the global market. Patchouli is a perennial species that thrives in warm tropical climates. Current annual production volumes are around 1,000-1,200MT with market demand calculated to be around the same.
Over recent years there has been a shift in regional supplies of patchouli between the different islands of Indonesia. Historically we have associated Java and Sumatra with our patchouli but today Sulawesi represents around 80% of total raw material available. To understand more as to why and how this can affect qualities please read our Elementary Essential Oils report.
Ultra with PT Van Aroma as our production partner are the world's largest exporter and producer of Indonesian Patchouli Oil.
Available grades include 'Dark', 'Light' (iron free) and 'M.D.' (molecular distilled) with P.A. (patchouli alcohol) content ranging from 29PA - 34PA.
Read our latest report on Indonesia presented in October 2015 at the IFEAT conference in Sri Lanka, titled 'Indonesia - Current & Future Market Dynamics'
Sulawesi: Patchouli production at source has been substantially lower due to a failed crop in many areas. Frequent attacks of the Budog disease have distressed plantations across Sulawesi. Affected plants are distilled but the yield is very low. There is uncertainty regarding the coming months. However, supplies are not expected to recover for the next two to three months, so a price escalation may be on the cards.
Market prices USD 38.00-43.00 /kilo
Sumatra: Supplies are minimal so prices persist in their upward trend. This is primarily because several farmers who were previously cultivating patchouli have shifted to other crops. Demand remains firm. There are not too many clients who are actively looking for sumatra Patchouli. Sulawesi continues to be the foremost producing area for patchouli.
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