Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Brazil has the largest production of fresh oranges and also it processes more orange than any other country making it the largest producer of orange oil and d’limonene (orange terpenes) in the world. Harvesting can be almost 12 months of the year due to the widespread distribution of plantations, however it is unusual for any significant production during February – April. Therefore we usually consider May - December as a typical harvesting period.
Brazilian oranges make up for around 34% of the world market – approximately 17 million tons+/- from a global estimate of 50 million tons +/- of fresh fruit. The Brazilian state of São Paulo contributes around 80% of the country’s production figures.
It's been a challenging time of late for the world's largest producing country and they're forecasting a sharp reduction of 18.3% in the total 2016/17 crop. To read more about today's conditions click here.
You may have recently read in our Market reports details of the challenges faced by the industry due to Citrus Greening. Click here for more details of the global impact of this wide spreading disease.
The orange output in the citrus belt in southeastern Brazil (São Paulo and the Triângulo Mineiro) in the 2023/2024 season is estimated at 309.34 million boxes of 40.8 kg each. This volume is 1.5% lower than that harvested last season. The major reasons for the lower harvest are rains above the historical average (although they have favoured both the vigour of trees and fruits growth, rains raised flower rotting), the negative biennial cycle (except for northern SP, where productivity was lower last season), lower blooming for some late varieties (whose harvesting was delayed and/or production was high in 2022/2023) and the higher incidence of greening, which is expected to raise the rate of fruit fall. On the other hand, high moisture may favour fruit weight, which may be the highest since 2017/2018. As for productivity, the average forecast for the citrus belt is at 918 boxes per hectare, a slight 0.6% up from that in the 2022/23 season. Brazilian concentrated orange juice (OJ) production is projected at 1.138 million metric tonnes (MMT) of 65 Brix product, an increase of 12% over the prior season. The São Paulo industry is expected to process 278 M. boxes as OJ; 197 M. boxes for frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) and 80 M. boxes for not from concentrate (NFC). Brazilian FCOJ exports are forecast at 1.04 MMT, a slight increase of 30,000 MT over the prior season. The European Union remains the major destination for Brazilian OJ, taking approximately 64% of Brazil’s OJ shipments. Brazil’s primary citrus region recorded a significant increase in the average number of HLB-spreading psyllids captured in the first half of August compared to the previous fortnight and the same period of 2022. In the citrus belt of São Paulo and Triângulo/ Sudoeste Mineiro, there was an average growth of 80.4% in the capture of psyllids in the last fortnight compared to the previous one. Compared to the same period last year, the increase is 53.2%. As the psyllid population grows, it directly affects the frequency and severity of citrus greening within citrus orchards. There are numerous contributing factors to these recent infestations, though one of the most prevalent is the current strategy behind the use of insecticides. To remedy this issue, Fundecitrus recommended that citrus farmers in Brazil begin rotating the modes of action of insecticide, apply new insecticides more thoroughly to their plants, and remain consistent in their pesticide applications to ensure the insects are not allowed to reproduce within orchards.
To ask us a fair quote for this product, please fill the following form: