Rose oil is regarded as one of the most traditional and premium essential oils in aromatherapy and perfumery today.
The rose blossoms of Rosa damascena begin to bloom in Bulgaria around the third week of May, and will continue for three or four weeks depending upon weather conditions. Yields can be highly volatile depending on the conditions during this short period of time. For example, any extreme heat could result in a yield loss as the oil will evaporate just like other floral oils.
Harvesting begins as the rose flowers begin to open and are still collected by hand, usually early in the morning. Today this time old tradition is one of the most wonderful sights to see in our industry.
Currently, our growing partners offer highly modern distillation facilities where oil recovery is at its optimum but still on average, Rosa damascena will only yield 1 kilo of oil per 3,500 - 4,000 kilos of flowers!!
The yield has been 20% lower in this cycle. The dry and short season resulted in a crop worse than expectations. Supply issues are expected to plague rose oil for the foreseeable future. There is a massive shortage of manual labour for harvesting rose, with no solution in sight. The cost of manual labour has more than doubled. Even propane gas, which is essential for the steam distillation of the oil saw a five-fold increase in price. All these factors saw the price of rose oil rise.
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