Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
According to the USDA July 2022 forecast, USA orange 2021-2022 production is estimated to drop 13% to 90.15 million boxes (M boxes) the lowest level in over 55 years due to unfavourably dry weather and poor fruit set in California, and the continued decline in area and yields in Florida because of citrus greening. Consumption is up with less fruit going to processing and on higher imports to meet consumer demand. Exports are lower with the drop in production.
The forecast consists of 40.95 M boxes of Florida oranges, 1% up compared to the June forecast; 49.0 M boxes of California oranges, 5% down compared to the June forecast; and 200,000 boxes of Texas oranges, 43% down compared to the June forecast.
The Florida orange total forecast is comprised of 18.25 M boxes of non-Valencia oranges and 22.70 M boxes of the Valencia orange. The California orange total forecast is comprised of 40.0 M boxes of non-Valencia oranges, and 9.0 M boxes of Valencia oranges, while Texas accounts for 170,000 boxes of non-Valencia oranges and 30,000 boxes of Valencia oranges.
In 2004, the year before citrus greening arrived in the state, Florida citrus growers produced 242 M boxes of oranges. But the USDA estimates that Florida’s orange groves will only produce about 41 M boxes this year. This yield will be the lowest since the 1944-45 season, when growers produced 42.1 M boxes.
USA ESTIMATED ORANGE PRODUCTION 2019/2020 TO JULY 2022 FORECAST (‘000 BOXES)
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