Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.
Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.
Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.
Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production.
Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are themselves small producers on the global scale.
Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel.
As the 6th largest producer of lemons globally South Africa is not always considered a large contributor, especially for oil, yet it proves to be very consistent and reliable. Total production throughout the 2013/14 season reached 270,000 MT with almost 60,000 MT sent for processing. That is approximately 25% more than the previous year for oil production. South Africa can be very versatile when it comes to how many fresh fruits are sent for processing and so is capable of being in or out of the oil market as and when it is more commercially attractive to do so.
EU lemon production is expected to close at 1.5 million metric tonnes (MMT), which is lower than the initial forecast. Despite the overall expansion in the growing areas in Spain, unfavourable weather conditions that affected flowering and fruit set in some production areas, along with hailstorms in November have caused the country’s lemon production to decrease. In addition, Italy, the EU’s second largest producer of lemons was hit by floods at the end of October, causing damage to lemon groves in Sicily.
AILIMPO’s first crop estimate of lemon for the next 2022-2023 season forecasts production in Spain of 1.15 MMT, which represents a slight increase of 2% compared to the provisional balance of the 2021-2022 season that is expected to close with a crop of 1.13 MMT. This crop estimate is conditioned by the evolution of weather conditions and the impact on the harvest volume of the entry into production of new plantations, since the lemon area has increased by 12,900 hectares (ha) in the last 7 years, from 37,500 to 50,400 ha.
The start of the 2022-2023 season will be conditioned by the liquidation of the southern hemisphere stocks in September. In this scenario, Spain will start the season on a suitable date that will allow a correct transition and guarantee top quality lemons as a differentiating element.
SPAIN: FRESH LEMON PRODUCTION (MT)
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