Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after the juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Known as 'the orchid of Spain', Valencia is the largest growing region in Spain. You will find this type of 'sweet' orange growing near the coastlines whilst you will find cities such as Seville, Córdoba and Málaga filled with oranges during the season. Spain produces around 50% of all Europe's oranges making it the largest within the European Union. Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Portugal are the other main producers in Europe.
Spain is almost producing oranges all year round from over 300,000 hectares as the different varieties and regions lend themselves to production at different times. It is thought that of the 15,000 MT of 'bitter' oranges produced around Seville, most go into marmalades for the UK market.
EU orange production is projected at 6.1 million metric tonnes (MMT), down from 6.5 MMT in 2020-2021. The decrease is driven by moderate production declines in Spain and Italy, which combined account for nearly 80% of total EU orange output.
Oranges are mainly consumed fresh in the EU. Approximately 80% of EU orange supply is destined for fresh consumption with the remainder destined for processing. Given the smaller crop, the processing share in 2021-2022 is expected to be approximately 13%, i.e., 800,000 MT.
TOP EU FRESH ORANGE PRODUCERS (MT)
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