Grapefruit Oil USA Citrus paradisi

  • Description

    Grapefruit oil is processed from the peel of the fruit and can come in a number of types determined by its colour. Red, white and pink varieties are available which are usually grouped as ‘white’ or ‘coloured’. 

    Grapefruit is an excellent source of vitamin C and other nutrients and phytochemicals and is often associated with healthy living and diets.

    As a flavour it is highly acidic and contains grapefruit mercaptan (a sulphur terpene) giving both a sweet, tarty and sometime bitter taste, somewhat different to most other citrus fruits.

    The citrus industry in Florida has been struggling with the serious disease Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening. This bacterial disease causes green, misshapen and bitter-tasting fruit, and eventually kills the citrus tree.

    Citrus greening disease (or Huanglongbing, abbreviated as HLB) is a disease common to citrus plants transmitted by insects. Historically it is more commonly found in China and Africa but was first discovered in Florida in 1998 in orange. It is a bacterium that can grow quicker in hot temperatures and will ultimately kill the plant/tree where the fruit is growing. In the mean time the plant/tree will bear multiple seasons of small fruits, many unsuitable for processing. There is no cure for greening so the disease is hard to control once a region is infected.

    The table shows how HLB has damaged fruit output, which has in turn restricted the volumes available for processing, increasing prices in its path. 

    Type / Season 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15*
    Coloured (1,000 boxes) 13,500 13,100 11,500 11,000
    White (1,000 boxes) 5,350 5,250 4,150 4,000

    *2014/15 Forecasts as at April 2015

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus paradisi
    • Origin: USA
    • Crop Season: December - April
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Cold pressed
    • TSCA CAS: 8016-20-4
    • EINECS CAS: 90045-43-5
    • EINECS: 289-904-6
    • INCI Name: Citrus paradisi peel extract
    • Appearance: Yellow to dark yellow liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Citrus, sweet, fresh, grapefruit
    • Density: 0.848 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.457 - 1.480
    • Optical rotation: +91° to +96°
  • Latest Market Information October 1, 2022

    Global grapefruit production in 2021-2022 is estimated up 4% to a record figure due to favourable weather and the expanded area of production in China. The volume of grapefruits processed is also expected to be greater than last year due to the increased amount of fruit going to the industry from Mexico, China and South Africa. The USA still remains the top producing country for grapefruit oil despite the fact that its production of fresh fruits has dropped substantially. The grapefruit oil price is stable even though demand is weak, as many companies have decreased their reliance on grapefruit oil due to the very volatile market and high prices in the past.

    USA grapefruit production is expected to be 9.030 M boxes, 4% down compared to the June 2022 forecast. The July 2022 forecast for all Florida grapefruit production is 3.330 M boxes. The distribution comprises 2.830 M boxes of red and 500,000 boxes of white.

    California grapefruit is forecast at 4.0 M boxes, 2.5% down compared to the June 2022 forecast, while the Texas grapefruit forecast tumbled from 2.4 M boxes in 2020/2021 and 2.0 M boxes in the June 2022 forecast to 1,700 M boxes in the July 2022 forecast.

    TABLE

    USA ESTIMATED GRAPEFRUIT PRODUCTION 2019/2020 TO JULY 2022 FORECAST (‘000 BOXES)

    Market price : USD 46.00 (Light) /kilo USD 32.00 (Pink) /kilo
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