Grapefruit Oil USA Citrus paradisi

  • Description

    Grapefruit oil is processed from the peel of the fruit and can come in a number of types determined by its colour. Red, white and pink varieties are available which are usually grouped as ‘white’ or ‘coloured’. 

    Grapefruit is an excellent source of vitamin C and other nutrients and phytochemicals and is often associated with healthy living and diets.

    As a flavour it is highly acidic and contains grapefruit mercaptan (a sulphur terpene) giving both a sweet, tarty and sometime bitter taste, somewhat different to most other citrus fruits.

    The citrus industry in Florida has been struggling with the serious disease Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening. This bacterial disease causes green, misshapen and bitter-tasting fruit, and eventually kills the citrus tree.

    Citrus greening disease (or Huanglongbing, abbreviated as HLB) is a disease common to citrus plants transmitted by insects. Historically it is more commonly found in China and Africa but was first discovered in Florida in 1998 in orange. It is a bacterium that can grow quicker in hot temperatures and will ultimately kill the plant/tree where the fruit is growing. In the mean time the plant/tree will bear multiple seasons of small fruits, many unsuitable for processing. There is no cure for greening so the disease is hard to control once a region is infected.

    The table shows how HLB has damaged fruit output, which has in turn restricted the volumes available for processing, increasing prices in its path. 

    Type / Season 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15*
    Coloured (1,000 boxes) 13,500 13,100 11,500 11,000
    White (1,000 boxes) 5,350 5,250 4,150 4,000

    *2014/15 Forecasts as at April 2015

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus paradisi
    • Origin: USA
    • Crop Season: December - April
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Cold pressed
    • TSCA CAS: 8016-20-4
    • EINECS CAS: 90045-43-5
    • EINECS: 289-904-6
    • INCI Name: Citrus paradisi peel extract
    • Appearance: Yellow to dark yellow liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Citrus, sweet, fresh, grapefruit
    • Density: 0.848 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.457 - 1.480
    • Optical rotation: +91° to +96°
  • Latest Market Information July 10, 2023

    Latest forecast from USDA in June for all USA grapefruit production is 8.42 M boxes. This forecast consists of 1.82 M boxes for Florida (1.57 M boxes of red grapefruit and 250,000 boxes of white grapefruit), 4.20 M boxes for California, and 2.40 M boxes for Texas. The forecast is down 7% compared to last season’s final production mainly due to fruit drop caused by citrus greening and the high winds of Hurricane Ian in late September.

         USA ESTIMATED GRAPEFRUIT PRODUCTION 2019/2020 TO 2022/2023 FORECAST

                                                               (‘000 BOXES)

    Market prices USD 49.00 /kilo (White) & USD 34.00 /kilo (Pink)
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