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    Lemon Tree plantation in California United States
  • Product Image
    Ripe lemons ready for picking
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    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing

Lemon Oil California USA Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products. It's obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon peel. 

    Lemon has a place in so many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production, the top 3 being China, India and Mexico which account for over 40% of the world production.

    Today, we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina and USA (Americas) and South Africa.

    Here's how the USA's lemon harvests and oil production performed in recent years. 

    season 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15*
    Production (1,000 MT) 800 835 771 827 755 806
    Lemons for Processing  369 300 191 274 260 260

    *2014/15 Forecast as and at January 2015

    REACH

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: USA
    • Crop Season: May - July
    • Plant/part used: Ripe peel of fruit.
    • Method of extraction: Expression/Distillation
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid.
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic.
    • Density: 0.851 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.473 -1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +65.6º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool.
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max. 1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
    • REACH: Registered
  • Latest Market Information March 28, 2018

    Among all the citrus species, lemons are the most frost-sensitive; minimum ambient temperatures should not drop below freezing point. Perfect for flavouring beverages or adding as accents to culinary art, the lemon is grown as fresh fruit and for their peel oils. Lemons have been commercially cultivated in California and Florida since the 1800s; but due to a killer freeze in the winter of 1894-1895, commercial lemon culture in Florida was badly hit and eventually died a natural death. It was the growth of the demand for frozen lemon concentrate that enthused farmers to resume lemon cultivation decades later.

    The USDA forecast for the 2017-2018 United States lemon crop is 870,000 tons, down 4% from last month and down 2% from last season’s final utilisation. The California production forecast, at 20.5 million boxes (820,000 tons), is down 2% from last month but unchanged from 2016-2017.

    As the fresh fruit market for lemon continues to strengthen, there are some concerns that the current 20% that goes for processing could considerably reduce in the near future.

    Market prices USD 40.00 /kilo
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