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    Lemon Tree plantation in California United States
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    Ripe lemons ready for picking
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    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing
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Lemon Oil California USA Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products. It's obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon peel. 

    Lemon has a place in so many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production, the top 3 being China, India and Mexico which account for over 40% of the world production.

    Today, we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina and USA (Americas) and South Africa.

    Here's how the USA's lemon harvests and oil production performed in recent years. 

    season 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15*
    Production (1,000 MT) 800 835 771 827 755 806
    Lemons for Processing  369 300 191 274 260 260

    *2014/15 Forecast as and at January 2015

    REACH

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: USA
    • Crop Season: May - July
    • Plant/part used: Ripe peel of fruit.
    • Method of extraction: Expression/Distillation
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid.
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic.
    • Density: 0.851 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.473 -1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +65.6º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool.
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max. 1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
    • REACH: Registered
  • Latest Market Information June 6, 2020

    California dominates US lemon production, with the USDA forecasting Californian production in 2019-2020 of 21 million boxes out of US production of 22.9 million boxes, Arizona accounting for the remainder. This represents a 9% fall in output compared with 2018-2019.

    The unique growing conditions of the Ventura coastal region of California have resulted in producing lemons of a distinctive size that primarily supplies the food service sector. The USA also imports increasing quantities of lemons, which in 2019-2020 were predicted to slightly exceed domestic production. Traditionally over half of production goes to the food service sector but this has been badly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and in April lemon growers were reported to be losing between $4 – $5 million per week as food sector sales fell considerably. More lemons will now be available for processing, which in recent years were approximately equal to a quarter of domestic production.

    In early April the citrus growers of California, Florida and Texas requested support from the USDA arguing “We have reason to believe that based upon damages to date that the immediate COVID-19 impact to certain varieties of citrus will be over $200 million dollars. The citrus industry impacts have varied greatly by region and variety. To date, the biggest challenges we are seeing across the industry are due the shutdown of schools and restaurants. Additional movement in the retail sector have not compensated for losses in food service for lemons, grapefruit juice, and most specialty varieties, and it is too early to tell what the net impact will be for orange juice.”

    Market price USD 35.00 /kilo
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