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    Harvesting and collecting Lemons
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    Lemon trees near Andalucia, Spain
  • Product Image
    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing

Lemon Oil Spain Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.

    Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.

    There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.

    Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale. 

    Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.

    Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel. 

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: Spain
    • Crop Season: November - July
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Expressed / Steam Distilled
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic
    • Density: 0.849 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +70º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max.1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
  • Latest Market Information December 26, 2019

    Spanish lemon has been facing stiff competition from fruit coming in from Turkey and Egypt. But strict quality checking for pesticides is conducted at borders. The extra tariff levied by the USA is a stumbling block for the sheer volume of Spanish exports to the USA. Lemon exports represent about 1% of the total export volume worldwide; this will be severely stifled and future volumes affected. Initial forecasts for 2019/20 estimate a crop size of 1.1 million MT, a decrease of 14% from the previous year. With this Spain leaves behind the record high of 2019 and returns to the normal average. Of course, much is dependent on the availability of sufficient water in summer and the autumn rains. With an estimated 1,104, 000 MT of fresh lemon, Spain reinforces its position as the world’s leading exporter of fresh lemon, and the second largest processor of lemon juice, essential oil, and dehydrated peel. The Fino lemon variety is pegged at 845,000 MT, while Verna volumes will come down to 260,000 MT. The decrease in the Verna crop is due to the rest period of the trees after a bumper production. Despite the shortfall in crop production, the quality of Spanish lemon continues to be a benchmark of excellence.

    Market price Euro 18.00 /kilo (Low AR) 
    Market price Euro 10.00 /kilo (Conventional)

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