Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.
Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.
Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.
Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.
There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.
Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale.
Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.
Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel.
The European lemon production forecast is for a 9% lower crop size compared to the last harvest because of unfavourable weather in the two main producing countries of Spain and Italy. Lemon for processing will also be less because of the lower harvest.
Spain has slightly reduced its lemon production forecast for the 2021/2022 season, pushing it down even further from the levels of the previous season.
AILIMPO’s third forecast of the season pegged total volumes at 990,000 metric tones (MT). That is down slightly from the original forecast of 1,035 million metric tonnes (MMT), and significantly lower than the final 2020-21 crop of 1,340 MMT.
Production forecasts of the predominant Fino variety were cut from 820,000 MT to 800,000 MT. In the previous season volumes reached 980,000 MT.
The Verna variety, meanwhile, is set to see production of 190,000 MT, compared to preseason forecasts of 215,000 MT and last season’s production of 360,000 MT.
“The Fino lemon season will continue to develop in the first four months of 2022, although with a progressive reduction in fruit availability,” AILIMPO said. “For Limon Verna, a native Spanish variety, the forecast finally points to a harvest of 190,000 MT in 2022, which will mean a sharp reduction compared to the volumes of 2021, with a planned start of marketing during the month of April.” Between 20% and 25% of the harvest is destined for processing, an industry in which Spain is the second largest producer, with a wide range of juices, essential oil and dehydrated peel.
SPAIN: FRESH LEMON PRODUCTION (MT)
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