• Product Image
    Harvesting and collecting Lemons
  • Product Image
    Lemon trees near Andalucia, Spain
  • Product Image
    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing

Lemon Oil Spain Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.

    Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.

    There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.

    Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale. 

    Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.

    Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel. 

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: Spain
    • Crop Season: November - July
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Expressed / Steam Distilled
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic
    • Density: 0.849 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +70º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max.1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
  • Latest Market Information November 5, 2021

    Spain is Europe’s largest lemon producer and the largest producer of oil, each year processing between 20%-25% of output. There are approximately 48,000 hectares of lemon with an estimated 14 million trees. Despite wide annual fluctuations, lemon production over recent decades has shown an upward trend. Over the past decade production of organic lemons has been increasing quickly and is estimated to account for 15% of current hectarage.

    The AILIMPO lemon crop estimate for the 2021-2022 season forecasts production in Spain of 1,035,000 MT, which represents an overall decrease of 24% compared to the 2020/2021 season that closed with a record production of 1,370,000 MT.

    The decline is due to adverse weather conditions in 2021 with episodes of cold, wind and excessive rain that affected flowering and fruit set in some production areas. The production of the Fino variety, which is predominantly used in the processing industry, is expected to decrease by 16%, while the Verna variety, which is mostly sold as fresh, is expected to be 40% less compared to the last crop.

    A greater use of lemons for the fresh market is expected, with a consequent decrease in volumes for processing.



    Increasingly initiatives are being undertaken in the Spanish lemon sector facilitating greater  sustainability and helping combat climate change. Spain has been undertaking a range of sustainability initiatives overing environmental, social and economic aspects. In 2021 AILIMPO provided carbon footprint data for the lemon sector showing that it annually captures more than 300,000 MT of CO2.

    Measurements of CO2 emissions were taken along the value chain from growing, transportation, packaging, and processing. Lemon groves have a high capacity to capture CO2 through carbon fixation, and AILIMPO estimated the crop captures the equivalent of 360,550 MT each year. The high CO2 fixation figures are due to the implementation of increasingly sustainable practices by producers (e.g. low soil tillage, use of residues and localised irrigation systems leading to reduced water consumption, growth of organic cultivation, use of renewable energy and electric vehicles). Currently, the sector emits an estimated 49,300 MT of CO2 a year – 18,122 MT in transportation, 19,705 MT at packhouse level and 11,472 MT in processing plants. This gives a net CO2 saving of 311,250 MT a year.

    Market price EURO 14.00 /kilo
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