• Product Image
    Harvesting and collecting Lemons
  • Product Image
    Lemon trees near Andalucia, Spain
  • Product Image
    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing

Lemon Oil Spain Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.

    Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.

    There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.

    Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale. 

    Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.

    Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel. 

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: Spain
    • Crop Season: November - July
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Expressed / Steam Distilled
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic
    • Density: 0.849 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +70º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max.1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
  • Latest Market Information December 21, 2020

    The harvesting of Spain’s lemon has commenced. Crop forecasts for 2020/21 are optimistic with an estimated increase of 8% compared to last season. Industry reports peg the crop at 1,290,740 MT. There is an embargo on Argentinian exports of fresh lemons to the EU. This, combined with a lower Turkish lemon crop, will enable Spanish lemon farmers to bridge the gap in supply and this is the primary reason that harvesting has begun two weeks earlier than usual. It would however, not be correct to assume that there will be a proportionate increase in the volume of fruit earmarked for processing. Most of the additional volumes will be directed to the fresh fruit market. There is, however, a projected increase in the quantities for processing from 221,000 MT in 2019/20 to 271,000 MT in 2020/21. Traders are anticipating a mounting increase in prices as transportation costs have inched up due to COVID-19.

    Market price EURO 18.00 /kilo
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