Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.
Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.
Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.
Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.
There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.
Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale.
Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.
Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel.
Initial forecast for the lemon harvest from the Inter-professional Association of Lemon and Grapefruit (AILIMPO) for the next campaign 2018/2019 is estimated at a production of 1.3 million MT. This is significantly higher by 29%, although uneven in the two Spanish varieties, Fino and Verna. Considering this, Spain retains its position as the foremost supplier of fresh lemons in the European market and the second processing country worldwide.
The Fino lemon harvest commences in September. Healthy flowering conditions leading to more fruit per tree have lifted hopes for an expected increase of 14%. Also, production is expected to go up since new plantations over recent years have now come into production. A production figure of 920,000 MT is forecast. However, this is reliant on the amount of rainfall in the summer and autumn months.
The preliminary forecast for the Verna variety expects a harvest of 380,000 MT. This is a striking increase of 90% in comparison with last year’s production figure of 38% compared to the average harvest for the past two seasons (+9% if compared with 2016/2017 season).
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