• Product Image
    Harvesting and collecting Lemons
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    Lemon trees near Andalucia, Spain
  • Product Image
    Lemons arriving in bulk for processing

Lemon Oil Spain Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

  • Description

    Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.

    Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.

    Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.

    Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.

    There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.

    Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale. 

    Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.

    Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel. 

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.
    • Origin: Spain
    • Crop Season: November - July
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Expressed / Steam Distilled
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-56-8
    • EINECS CAS: 84929-31-7
    • EINECS: 284-515-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus medica limonum (Lemon) peel oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to dark yellow mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh lemon peel sweet citrus aldehydic
    • Density: 0.849 - 0.858
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.476
    • Optical rotation: +57º to +70º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Terpinene, Pinene, Sabinene, Myrcene, Citral, Linalool
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max.1%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
  • Latest Market Information April 4, 2019

    Estimates for Verna lemon production peg the figures at 380,000 MT. This is good news for Spain as it extends the season until August. AILIMPO’s third lemon harvest estimate for the 2018-19 season endorses the initial predictions published in September. It outlines an estimated total crop of 1,300,000 MT; with a marginal increase in Fino lemon and Verna lemon showing recovery in volumes. The second phase of the season promises to be more encouraging with active demand and a greater growth rate for Fino lemon. For the Verna variety, it is a repeat of the 2001 story with crop volume forecasted at 380,000 MT.

    If production goes as per predictions, Spain will retain its commanding position as the undisputed principal supplier in the European Union from April to August 2019. Spain’s unshakeable domination in lemon oil has been distinguished by superior quality, guarantee of health coupled with excellent service. However, despite the impressive global crop figure, the rate of harvesting up to January has been low, leading to diminished processing activity. As a result, around 280,000 MT of fruit is expected to be channelled towards processing, a figure that is lower compared to the initial forecast of 300,000 MT.  One source argues that reduced harvesting is partially the result of strong price competition from Turkey lemons, and to avoid lower lemon prices and losing market share, Spanish growers have slowed down harvesting.

     

     

    Market price EURO 27.00 /kilo
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