Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products.
Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.
Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume, as it is highly volatile.
Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production. The Spanish are the largest within Europe producing around 900,000 MT - 1,000,000 MT of fresh lemons in any given good year.
There are two seasons in Spain giving them around 9 months of harvesting during the year. The 'Fino' and 'Primafiori' type runs from November to March and the 'Verna' type from April to July. Depending on the year 20-25% of all lemons are further processed.
Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina, Bolivia and USA (Americas) and even South Africa who are small producers on the global scale.
Spain is Europe's largest producer of fresh lemons and the largest producer of oil.
Lemon oil is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon's peel.
The latest AILIMPO forecast in January 2020, following Storm Gloria, reduced its original crop estimate by 90,000 MT. The forecast for total production in 2020 is now 1,020,000 MT. This represents a 22% reduction on the previous season’s total crop which reached a record 1,300,000 MT. With this Spain leaves behind the record high of 2019 and returns to the normal average.
The revised estimate relates entirely to the Fino variety, which was reduced 20% from 820,000 MT to 730,000 MT, compared to 918,000 MT in 2018-19. The demand for the Fino variety is expected to be active from February onwards, while the Verna harvest is expected around April to June. The 2020 estimate for the late season Verna variety remained unchanged at 290,000 MT but was down 24% compared with 2018-19.
Some 20%-25% of the current lemon crop is expected to go to processing.
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