Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
China is the world's largest producer with the concentration of production in the Yunnan Provence. It is easy to grow in this region with some farms able to harvests 4 times a year if conditions are favourable. It is estimated production levels are around 80-110 MT per annum with 20-30 MT consumed internally, the balance exported.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
Chinese geranium is rich in ‘citronellol’, accounting for just over 40% of the oil. Despite it's higher prices in today's market it is still the most sought after quality because of this fact. Other origins like Egypt contain 25% less citronellol.
Based on unconfirmed data China's geranium exports can be summarised as follows:
Increasing demand continues to put pressure on supplies and with it prices as the trend of the last 12 month continues. No carry over stocks before the 2017 season (May-September) suggested that the pressures would remain and they did. Now the season is long behind us, prices continue to rise as supplies at origin dry up and may only further increase until the 2018 season.
Despite a return by some farmers to plant more this year’s poor weather conditions have impacted yields so no additional supplies have materialised despite plenty of effort.
If the growing areas receive better weather conditions, the additional plantings could help ease the pressure on supply.
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