Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
China is the world's largest producer with the concentration of production in the Yunnan Provence. It is easy to grow in this region with some farms able to harvests 4 times a year if conditions are favourable. It is estimated production levels are around 80-110 MT per annum with 20-30 MT consumed internally, the balance exported.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
Chinese geranium is rich in ‘citronellol’, accounting for just over 40% of the oil. Despite it's higher prices in today's market it is still the most sought after quality because of this fact. Other origins like Egypt contain 25% less citronellol.
Based on unconfirmed data China's geranium exports can be summarised as follows:
November marks the end of the geranium crop season. Availabilityis reasonable while demand is slack. There was marginal easing of prices in December following the sustained increase in October and November. 2018 saw a good crop size of 70 to 80 MT, an increase from the previous year. The other economic plants in China’s key producing region did not fare well in terms of pricing, so the farmers are likely to enlarge their geranium plantations in 2019. This year’s crop is forecasted at around 100 MT, so prices may fall when the crop season starts in April 2019.
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