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    Citronella plantations in West Java, Indonesia
  • Product Image
    Planting citronella in West Java, Indonesia
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    Harvesting citronella by hand
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    Distillation by steam of citronella in Indonesia
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Citronella Oil Indonesia Cymbopogon winterianus

  • Description

    Citronella oil is extracted from a grass (Cymbopogon winteranus) native to Sri Lanka and Java (Indonesia). The species Cymbopogon winteranus is used for the production of citronella oil by steam distillation.

    Citronella is commonly used in soaps, candles, perfumes and other products in the cosmetic industry. It is also a plant based, non toxic insect repellant, registered for this use in the United States since 1948. You will find it listed in many topical products.

    As a perfumery ingredient it has been historically well represented due to its citronellal, citronellol and geraniol content.

    citronella_regionsOften referred to as 'Citronella Oil Java Type' due to its origins. Indonesia is the second largest producer behind that of China. It is estimated that the total world production of citronella is around 4,000 tons with China and Indonesia representing a 40% share of this volume.

    Historically China has had a lower cost basis for this product and as a result is the dominant producer, however that is changing, so keep an eye on our market updates to find your most competitive source.

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Cymbopogon winterianus
    • Origin: Indonesia
    • Crop Season: October - February
    • Plant/part used: Grass
    • Method of extraction: Steam distillation
    • TSCA CAS: 908000-29-1
    • EINECS CAS: 89998-15-2
    • EINECS: 289-753-6
    • INCI Name: Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella) oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to tan mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh Sweet, Geraniol, Weed, Woody
    • Density: 0.875 - 0.893
    • Refractive index: 1.466 - 1.474
    • Optical rotation: -7º to 0º
    • Chemical constituents: Geraniol, Citronellol, Geranyl acetate, Citral, Caryophyllene
    • Fragrance usage: max. 3%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains allergens
  • Latest Market Information December 26, 2019

    Indonesia has increased planting areas with several new cultivations in the Kalimantan region. Naturally, this will boost the volumes of domestic essential oil production. Over the last few months, prices have plummeted to touch rockbottom across Sumatra as well as Java. Stakeholders hope these rates will hold; there seems to be no chance of a further drop. If prices were to fall further, citronella would cross the economic break-even point, and would no longer be a viable business option.

    Market price USD 16.00 /kilo
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