Citronella oil is extracted from a grass (Cymbopogon winteranus) native to Sri Lanka and Java (Indonesia). The species Cymbopogon winteranus is used for the production of citronella oil by steam distillation.
Citronella is commonly used in soaps, candles, perfumes and other products in the cosmetic industry. It is also a plant based, non toxic insect repellant, registered for this use in the United States since 1948. You will find it listed in many topical products.
As a perfumery ingredient it has been historically well represented due to its citronellal, citronellol and geraniol content.
Often referred to as 'Citronella Oil Java Type' due to its origins. Indonesia is the second largest producer behind that of China. It is estimated that the total world production of citronella is around 4,000 tons with China and Indonesia representing a 40% share of this volume.
Historically China has had a lower cost basis for this product and as a result is the dominant producer, however that is changing, so keep an eye on our market updates to find your most competitive source.
The good news is that production has improved this year. But what is disheartening is that this has had little influence in appeasing prices as they continue to remain firm alongside a wanting market. The positive side is that many farmers have invested in citronella this past year so supplies are expected to increase into 2019.
Citronella derivatives have been the subject of much speculation lately. Indonesia has stepped up its production volumes but this is balanced out by the decline in production volumes by China. This increase in volume may have caused some softening of prices at source in Indonesia. Despite this, general price levels in global markets remained stagnant or dipped negligibly. With many new plantations, and sources coming up both in Java and Sulawesi, there is also a lot of out-of-specification and non-ISO specified material available in the market. Buyers are advised to check samples prior to committing at low prices.
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