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    Citronella plantations in West Java, Indonesia
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    Planting citronella in West Java, Indonesia
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    Harvesting citronella by hand
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    Distillation by steam of citronella in Indonesia
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Citronella Oil Indonesia Cymbopogon winterianus

  • Description

    Citronella oil is extracted from a grass (Cymbopogon winteranus) native to Sri Lanka and Java (Indonesia). The species Cymbopogon winteranus is used for the production of citronella oil by steam distillation.

    Citronella is commonly used in soaps, candles, perfumes and other products in the cosmetic industry. It is also a plant based, non toxic insect repellant, registered for this use in the United States since 1948. You will find it listed in many topical products.

    As a perfumery ingredient it has been historically well represented due to its citronellal, citronellol and geraniol content.

    citronella_regionsOften referred to as 'Citronella Oil Java Type' due to its origins. Indonesia is the second largest producer behind that of China. It is estimated that the total world production of citronella is around 4,000 tons with China and Indonesia representing a 40% share of this volume.

    Historically China has had a lower cost basis for this product and as a result is the dominant producer, however that is changing, so keep an eye on our market updates to find your most competitive source.

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Cymbopogon winterianus
    • Origin: Indonesia
    • Crop Season: October - February
    • Plant/part used: Grass
    • Method of extraction: Steam distillation
    • TSCA CAS: 908000-29-1
    • EINECS CAS: 89998-15-2
    • EINECS: 289-753-6
    • INCI Name: Cymbopogon nardus (Citronella) oil
    • Appearance: Pale yellow to tan mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Fresh Sweet, Geraniol, Weed, Woody
    • Density: 0.875 - 0.893
    • Refractive index: 1.466 - 1.474
    • Optical rotation: -7º to 0º
    • Chemical constituents: Geraniol, Citronellol, Geranyl acetate, Citral, Caryophyllene
    • Fragrance usage: max. 3%
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains allergens
  • Latest Market Information March 18, 2020

    There is an unprecedented surge in citronella production despite it fetching lower prices in the market. This is because farmers are favouring citronella because it is simple to cultivate and easy to incorporate into the locally produced biofuel, that is ex-palm oil. Consequently, current supplies are much higher than the demand, and therefore prices have plunged. This is definitely not an encouraging scenario since it is not sustainable in the long term. However, it is predicted that the proactive work in developing infrastructure for better irrigation and improved distillation processes will enable farmers to explore production of other essential oil crops like patchouli, lemongrass and ginger, and practise crop rotation. This will even out the graph and enable producers to cater for the demand as required.

    Market price USD 16.00 /kilo
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