Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
According to the USDA’s November forecast for the 2019-20 orange crop, production of 123.7 million boxes is almost identical to the previous year and well above 2017-18 production levels. Florida is forecast to contribute 74.0 million boxes, California and Texas pitch in with 47.0 million boxes and 2.7 million boxes respectively. The forecast was arrived at after considering 50.1 million bearing trees for all oranges, and both regular and the first late blooms. In Florida the forecast is for 32.0 million boxes of non-Valencia oranges comprising the early, midseason, and Navel varieties; and 42.0 million boxes of Valencia oranges, the latter is 2% higher than last season’s production. The estimated number of bearing trees is 29.6 million. This year with the strong gusts of Hurricane Dorian, fruit droppage was above average at 28%. Fruit size too is smaller than what has been observed in previous years. The predictions for non-Valencia oranges stand at 32.0 million boxes. With 19.5 million bearing trees, not considering the Navel orange, this year records a 5% increase. Improvement in the Navel orange forecast is about 7% on last year’s figures. The total is pegged at 800 thousand boxes. With good weather prevailing throughout and minimum damage by the hurricane, the projected fruit size of all these varieties is somewhat below normal, with droppage also going up marginally above the average.
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