Orange Oil USA Citrus sinensis

  • Description

    Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.

    Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.

    Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.

    TYPE / SEASON 2011/12 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16*
    Valencia Type (1,000 boxes) 72,500 66,500 51,300 49,400 33,000
    Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes) 74,200 67,100 53,300 39,500 36,000

    *2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus sinensis
    • Origin: USA
    • Crop Season: February - May
    • Plant/part used: Fruit/peel
    • Method of extraction: Cold expression
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-57-9
    • EINECS CAS: 8028-48-6
    • EINECS: 232-433-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus aurantium dulcis (Orange) oil
    • Appearance: Yellow orange to deep orange mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Orange fresh juicy sweet
    • Density: 0.841 - 0.851
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.474
    • Optical rotation: +94° to +102°
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Myrcene, Pinene, Linalool.
    • REACH: Registered
  • Latest Market Information June 6, 2020

    Total USA orange production in 2019-20 is expected to be 120.45 million boxes. If realised, this will be around 4% less than last season’s final production. The forecast for non-Valencia oranges (early, midseason and navel varieties) in all USA production regions is 71.45 million boxes. This breaks down with Florida’s production at 29.45 million boxes, with its harvest over for this season, California’s production remaining at 40 million boxes and Texas dropping to 1.8 million boxes. Regarding Valencia oranges, the forecast is a total of 49 million boxes, with Florida dropping 1.45 million boxes from the previous season to 40 million boxes, California remaining at 8.5 million boxes and Texas decreasing from 610,000 to 500,000 boxes.

    With regards to fruit size, non-Valencia oranges remain unchanged from last report, requiring 316 pieces to fill a 90-pound box. Valencia oranges’ size, however, is considerably below average, requiring 252 pieces to fill a 90-pound box. Moreover, final droppage, at 30%, is close to the maximum.

    Due to the outbreak of COVID-19 the demand for fresh orange and orange juice by consumers has increased because of their high vitamin C content, being a way of trying to stay healthy during the current pandemic.

    According to the Florida Department of Citrus (FDOC) Economic and Market Research Department, USA orange juice sales increased by 46 percent for the four-week period ending April 11. However, according to the citrus growers’ associations in the three major states, speciality varieties such as blood oranges, Cara navels, Valencia oranges and gold nuggets have suffered reduced sales due to COVID-19. While demand initially increased in the retail sector, the shutdown of restaurants and schools has impacted negatively. As discussed above the US citrus growers have requested support from the government.

    ESTIMATED ORANGE PRODUCTION 2015/16 TO 2019/20 (MILLIONS OF 40.8 KG BOXES)

    Market price USD 7.00/kilo
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