Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
The latest US Department of Agriculture March forecast for the 2018/2019 Florida crop is 77.0 million boxes of 90-pound (40.8 kg). The forecast remains unchanged since December 2018 but is an impressive 71% jump from the last crop. Positive climatic factors, including the lack of hurricanes and a warm wet summer, combined with good maturation has facilitated this recovery. The non – Valencia production has been reduced to 31 million boxes while the Valencia crop is set to touch 46 million boxes. While Florida’s orange crop forecast has held steady over recent months, projections for some other types of citrus have been scaled back. Total US orange production was estimated to increase year-on-year by almost 40% to 129.1 million boxes, of which California accounted for 49.5 million boxes. These were the first forecasts released since December because of the partial federal government shutdown. The new forecast for oranges remained unchanged from December.
Florida is also expected to produce 5.4 million boxes of grapefruit, down 1 million boxes from December’s estimates, but still 40% higher than the previous year’s crop. Similarly specialty citrus, such as tangelos and tangerines, are forecast at just below 1 million boxes but still 27% higher than last year’s hurricane affected crop. The figures, down overall from the season’s first forecast in October, continue to be an improvement on the 49.58 million boxes of oranges, grapefruit and other citrus harvested during the 2017-18 season, when the industry sustained heavy damage from Hurricane Irma. According to charlottecounty.floridaweekly.com the current forecast is also an improvement on the 2016-17 season, which produced a decades-low estimate of 68.7 million boxes of oranges.
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