Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
The first 2020/21 forecast puts total USA orange production at 109 million boxes. This includes the country’s largest contributor, Florida’s 57 million boxes, of which an estimated 96% is processed. California comes in second with 50.5 million boxes, of which approximately 80% is sold as fresh fruit, with Texas bringing up the rear with 1.5 million boxes. This includes Valencia oranges of 42.7 million boxes and non-Valencia varieties of 66.3 million boxes. Approximately 60% of US orange production is processed.
Florida’s 57 million is a significant reduction of 15% compared to last season’s crop. The breakdown of the varieties includes 23 million boxes of early, midseason and navel oranges with 34 million boxes of Valencia oranges.
The Valencia orange crop is a 10% decline from last season’s crop despite an increase in the number of trees which has gone up 2% from the previous season. Fruit per tree has gone down by a whopping 18%. This is an alltime low since the 2006/07 season. While fruit size is expected to be below average, fruit droppage has shot up.
Dipping below the bar set by last year’s crop, the non-Valencia forecast of 23 million boxes is 22% lower than last year. Estimated fruit per tree has also declined by 24% to the lowest figure recorded since the mid 1960s. However, fruit size is hoped to be above average while fruit droppage is also high at 27%.
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