Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
The USDA report for 2018-2019 released on 8th November reduced the overall Florida orange forecast by 2.0 million boxes to 77.0 million. Nevertheless, this is some 71% higher than last season’s final production. These figures comprise 32 million boxes of non- Valencia oranges, (i.e., the early midseason and Navel varieties) and 45.0 million boxes of Valencia oranges. In both cases there has been a sizeable increase in fruit per tree but fruit size is the smallest on record. The total number of orange fruit-bearing trees is 49.9 million. The trees that were planted in 2015 or earlier are now bearing fruit. June 2018 saw the completion of the latest Commercial Citrus Inventory.
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