Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction. Other origins for Orange oil include Brazil, South Africa & Spain.
Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.
Bearing acreage of orange in the USA is a particular worry as year on year the output has been declining. In the past 10 years it has fallen from around 770 thousand acres to 600 thousand acres today. Below are Florida's recent fresh fruit outputs, courtesy of the USDA, showing the significance of the decline.
|TYPE / SEASON||2011/12||2012/13||2013/14||2014/15||2015/16*|
|Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||72,500||66,500||51,300||49,400||33,000|
|Non-Valencia Type (1,000 boxes)||74,200||67,100||53,300||39,500||36,000|
*2015/16 data forecasted by USDA at 9th February 2016
Total USA orange production in 2020-21 is expected to be 105.75 million boxes. The forecast for non-Valencia oranges (early, midseason and navel varieties) in all USA production regions is 65.7 million boxes. This breaks down into Florida’s production at 22.7 million boxes, California’s remaining at 42 million boxes and Texas remaining at 1 million boxes. Regarding Valencia oranges, the forecast is a total of 40.05 million boxes, with Florida increasing 1 million boxes from the previous forecast to 30 million boxes, California remaining at 10 million boxes and Texas remaining at 50,000 boxes.
Orange production continues to decline in Florida because of greening and fruit drop has severely impacted orange yield. According to the USDA citrus crop forecast, the estimate of fruit drop for early/midseason and Valencia oranges was 43% and 34% respectively. Orange production in Texas was less because of a severe winter storm which damaged a good portion of the crop, while California is catching up with Florida’s production and may surpass it in the new crop.
Consumption, exports, and fruit for processing are all forecast to be down with the drop in production, though imports are expected to be up. Orange juice production is forecast down 16% with the drop in available oranges for processing. Consumption and stocks are expected to be down because of lower production and despite higher imports. Thus, while supply is limited, demand is strong and prices are increasing.
USA: ESTIMATED ORANGE PRODUCTION 2018/19 TO 2020/21 (MILLION OF 40.8 KG BOXES)
USA: ORANGE PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING TREND
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