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    Orange collections in Brazil
  • Product Image
    Orange Blossom before fruit

Orange Oil CP Brazil Citrus sinensis

  • Description

    Orange oil is extracted by simple pressure from the outer coloured part of the Citrus sinensis' peel. Oranges are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates for the sweet fruit and commercially for essential oil extraction.

    Orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry. Oil is cold pressed from the peel of the fruit, after juice extraction and is widely used across the flavour and fragrance industry. Sweet orange (citrus sinensis) is around 90% d’limonene, a product used across many more industries. Approximately 40% of global oranges are processed for juice and oil with 60% solely used as a fresh fruit for consumption.

    Brazil has the largest production of fresh oranges and also it processes more orange than any other country making it the largest producer of orange oil and d’limonene (orange terpenes) in the world. Harvesting can be almost 12 months of the year due to the widespread distribution of plantations, however it is unusual for any significant production during February – April. Therefore we usually consider May - December as a typical harvesting period.

    Brazilian oranges make up for around 34% of the world market – approximately 17 million tons+/- from a global estimate of 50 million tons +/- of fresh fruit. The Brazilian state of São Paulo contributes around 80% of the country’s production figures.

    It's been a challenging time of late for the world's largest producing country and they're forecasting a sharp reduction of 18.3% in the total 2016/17 crop. To read more about today's conditions click here.

    You may have recently read in our Market reports details of the challenges faced by the industry due to Citrus Greening. Click here for more details of the global impact of this wide spreading disease.


  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Citrus sinensis
    • Origin: Brazil
    • Crop Season: July - December
    • Plant/part used: Peel
    • Method of extraction: Cold pressed
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-57-9
    • EINECS CAS: 8028-48-6
    • EINECS: 232-433-8
    • INCI Name: Citrus aurantium dulcis (Orange) oil
    • Appearance: Yellow orange to deep orange mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Orange fresh juicy sweet
    • Density: 0.840 - 0.848
    • Refractive index: 1.470 - 1.476
    • Optical rotation: +94º to +100º
    • Chemical constituents: Limonene, Myrcene, Pinene, Linalool
    • Fragrance usage: max. 10%
    • Flavour usage: max. 4200ppm
    • IFRA: Restricted by IFRA
    • Allergens: Contains fragrance allergens
    • REACH: Registered
  • Latest Market Information July 19, 2022

    The 2022-2023 initial orange crop forecast for the São Paulo and West-Southwest Minas Gerais citrus belt, published on May 26, 2022 by Fundecitrus and its partners, is 316.95 million boxes (M. boxes). The projected volume is 20.53% higher than the previous crop, which totalled 262.97 M. boxes.

    Total orange production includes:
    –  59.48 M. boxes of the Hamlin, Westin and Rubi varieties;
    –  17.52 M. boxes of the Valencia Americana, Seleta, Pineapple and BRS Alvorada;
    –  93.95 M. boxes of the Pera Rio variety;
    –  106.78 M. boxes of the Valencia and Valencia Folha Murcha varieties;
    –  39.22 M. boxes of the Natal variety.

    Approximately 22.99 M. boxes are expected to be produced in the Triangulo Mineiro.

    The prospect of a better crop indicated that groves could recover from adverse weather including the  rought and frost that took place in 2020 and 2021 and caused two consecutive small crops, resulting in a discontinued biennial bearing cycle characterized by the yearly alternation of large and small crops.

    Owing to better climate conditions, most orange trees in the citrus planted area show good fruit load and heavier oranges than those in the last crops, at the same development stage. This positive scenario as compared to the previous crop season should remain until this crop season ends. For that reason the projected orange weight at harvest is 158 grams, which is 10.5% above the average weight of 143 grams observed last crop season, and the final fruit size is projected at 258 fruits per 40.8 kilogram box.

    Average yield this crop season is estimated at 920 boxes per hectare and 1.86 boxes per tree as compared to the 760 boxes per hectare and 1.58 boxes per tree harvested in the 2021-2022 crop. The average number of fruits per tree, without considering the drop that occurs throughout the season, is estimated at 668, which represents an increase of 4.5% in relation to the previous crop.

    The projected average drop rate is 20%. The main reason for this projection is the increased incidence of orange trees with citrus greening symptoms. Other reasons include problems with fruit borers, fruit flies, black spot and leprosis.

    Citrus greening has been found in 22% of Brazil’s main producing regions, up from 17% four years earlier. The disease is expanding because of lack of crop treatments, weather and rising resistance from growers to cut down infected trees that are still producing.

    Because of the increase in the crop size, the number of fruits for processing will increase. 


    Market price : USD 18.00 - 20.00 /kilo
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