• Product Image
    Nutmeg Fruit covered in mace
  • Product Image
    Nutmeg nuts dried and grounded
  • Product Image
    Freshly opened fruit
  • Product Image
    Fruits ready to be harvested
List of product Files

Nutmeg Oil Indonesia Myristica fragrans Houtt.

  • Description

    The nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans is indigenous to the Moluccas, Indonesia. The fruit contains a nut, which is covered by a hard shell. A red coloured webbing (known as mace) covers the shell. Once ripe the fruit will open revealing the mace and will fall to the ground to be collected or it can be picked just before falling. The mace will be carefully removed leaving the nutmeg (nut) available to be ground and processed.nutmeg_all

    The oil is extracted from the 'nut' by steam distillation after the grinding of the nutmeg.

    The nutmeg is slightly sweeter than mace making the dry or ground spice a favourite in many culinary dishes. As an essential oil it is extensively used in perfumery and pharmaceuticals as well as a natural flavouring for baked goods, beverages, syrups and sweets.

    Indonesia exports around 350-400MT of nutmeg oil each year which accounts for around 80% of the global production. Today the product is predominately plantation harvested.

     Read more about the impact of recent plantations in our latest Elementary Report.

     Read our latest report on Indonesia presented in October 2015 at the IFEAT conference in Sri Lanka, titled 'Indonesia - Current & Future Market Dynamics'

    REACH

  • Product Details

    • Botanical name: Myristica fragrans Houtt.
    • Origin: Indonesia
    • Crop Season: All Year
    • Plant/part used: Whole Fruit
    • Method of extraction: Distillation
    • TSCA CAS: 8008-45-5
    • EINECS CAS: 84082-68-8
    • EINECS: 282-013-3
    • INCI Name: Myristica fragrans (Nutmeg) kernel Oil
    • Appearance: Colorless to yellow mobile liquid
    • Organoleptic Properties: Spicy woody nutmeg powdery terpene.
    • Density: 0.883 - 0.923
    • Refractive index: 1.474 - 1.488
    • Optical rotation: +8º to +30º
    • Chemical constituents: Pinene, Sabinene, Limonene, Eugenol, Geraniol, Terpenene, Terpineol, Myristicin, Safrol.
    • Fragrance usage:: max. 2%
    • Flavor usage:: max. 640 ppm
    • REACH: Registered
  • Latest Market Information July 26, 2021

    An increase in the price of nutmeg generally leads to inferior quality oil in the market. Distillers add terpenes from turpentine, which compromises the quality. Currently, the price has risen, due to a delayed crop. This was a result of wet conditions. These prices are likely to prevail till October, when the next crop season commences.

    The price of nutmeg oil is mostly stable, and no major fluctuations are expected, though demand for the oil currently exceeds supply. Producers are working to identify new and reliable sources. Production capacity and sales have doubled in the first two quarters, and the trend is expected to continue. Maintaining the highest quality during distillation is the biggest challenge. Producers and distillers are working together to solve this issue.

    Market price USD 70.00-75.00 /kilo
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