Lemon oil from all corners of the world is one of Ultra’s core products and is obtained by cold expression or steam distillation of lemon peel.
Lemon has a place in many culinary uses from soft drinks and cocktails to marmalade. However, it can also be used and found in household cleaning products since it can disinfect, deodorise, remove grease and dissolve wax and grime to name but a few uses.
Lemon is also used in aromatherapy to enhance moods and can be used for its anti-bacterial properties in other medicinal applications. In fragrances it gives a fresh uplifting and zesty note to any perfume as it is highly volatile.
Interestingly the three top producers of fresh lemons in the world are not the countries we would associate with oil production; the top 3 being China, India and Mexico, which account for over 40% of the world production.
Today we associate lemon oil production with Italy and Spain (Europe), Argentina and USA (Americas) and even South Africa.
Over the past 40 years Argentina's processed lemon volumes have increased significantly decade on decade, from an average annual volume of 80,000 MT in the 1970s, to 200,000 MT in the 1980s, to 540,000 MT in the 1990s and 900,000 MT since 2000. This is why today its contribution is very important to our markets.
Argentina's 2014 crop disaster put huge pressure on the global market, something we are still recovering from. Argentina contributes around 10% of the global fresh lemon fruit market. When you think that over the past 5 years Argentina has processed an average of 860,000 MT of fresh lemons then any crop 'disaster' will have a major impact on the global market.
Global lemon production has gone down, and Argentina has fared badly. This is primarily due to the weather playing truant and impacting the overall crop. This year’s predictions estimate a decline of 11% from 1.8 MT in 2018/19 to 1.6 MMT of fruit in 2019/20. Naturally, consumption and quantities earmarked for distilling are inevitably greatly reduced. India, Vietnam and China have opened up as new export markets for Argentina, in addition to its foremost market, the European Union, which accounts for two-thirds of exports. With these, this year’s export figure is projected to touch its zenith at 300,000 MT. However, with the decline in crop and large quantities of fruit earmarked for exports, the volumes of fruit channelled into processing is anticipated to be significantly reduced at 1.15 MMT, compared with 1.41 MMT in 2018/19.
Estimated Global Lemon Production and Processing for Selected COUNTRIES (x 1,000 MT)
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