Pelargonium graveolens originated in South Africa, but is also grown in Reunion, Madagascar, Morocco and Egypt. It grows two to three feet high and likes a warm, dry climate.
Seeding usually occurs late in the year around November and December with the first cut and distillation occurring in June. Then the plant continues to grow until the second cut around October.
Egypt has the largest commercial plantations of any African country and can produce 40 MT in any one year, second only to that of China
Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
With sufficient availability of geranium oil at this point, demand remains very strong. Adequate availability of stock at origin keeps the market stable, and no dramatic rise in price is anticipated. Accompanying favourable conditions may yield a good crop in the near future. The production of new crop commenced around June. The reports are encouraging; a fair crop is expected. Speculators were expected to be active, which would have led to a price rise, but this did not happen. Prices remain unwavering and it is hoped that this will last through till the end of the production season.
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