Pelargonium graveolens originated in South Africa, but is also grown in Reunion, Madagascar, Morocco and Egypt. It grows two to three feet high and likes a warm, dry climate.
Seeding usually occurs late in the year around November and December with the first cut and distillation occurring in June. Then the plant continues to grow until the second cut around October.
Egypt has the largest commercial plantations of any African country and can produce 40 MT in any one year, second only to that of China
Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
Around 60 to 70 MT of oil is waiting to be purchased. However, geranium is facing obstacles in mobilising ready stocks as it is solely a cash-led trade, and the government has enforced a clampdown on cash transactions amidst the COVID-19 situation. Procurement of raw material too is another hindrance that is exerting pressure on existing buffer stocks of oil held by distillers. In addition, the new season scheduled to commence from June, will put more quantities of oil on the market.
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