Pelargonium graveolens originated in South Africa, but is also grown in Reunion, Madagascar, Morocco and Egypt. It grows two to three feet high and likes a warm, dry climate.
Seeding usually occurs late in the year around November and December with the first cut and distillation occurring in June. Then the plant continues to grow until the second cut around October.
Egypt has the largest commercial plantations of any African country and can produce 40 MT in any one year, second only to that of China
Often referred to as 'Rose Geranium Oil' this is one of the most important and most commonly used ingredients in perfumery.
France and the USA are cited as the world's largest importers; however, it is assumed that France is the biggest consumer (for fine fragrance).
Egypt enjoys the leading position as the world’s largest producer of geranium oil. Traditionally, the plant is intercropped with garlic and cultivated annually. The period of bulk distillation and before it hits the markets, that is, the time from June to mid-July, is the ideal time to procure. The oil continues to garner overwhelmingly high demand, even in the face of the pandemic. The season is about to begin. There is a significant decrease in volumes of the carryover stocks as compared to last year. Predictions for this year peg the carryover stock size at approximately 5% with an estimated crop size of 250 to 280 MT. This is close to the crop size for 2020. Prices have maintained their steady levels due to the deficiency of carryover stocks and is expected to remain unaffected for some time now. Market reports suggest that prices may surge after the next season in August.
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