Market Report May 2015

We are fast approaching the European summer months and watching with much anticipation how current conditions are evolving. Will it be a good season all round or will there be the usual twists and turns that we have come to expect? We will try to keep you informed with regular updates on this website about market developments and their potential impact.

Elsewhere we have made assessments on the lemon crops in Argentina, Italy, Spain and South Africa as well as Russian coriander seed and Indonesian patchouli to name but a few, in addition to our market updates from around the world on all our regular products.


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. Harvest: May - July

Some harvesting has commenced and the market has offers from producers but at higher than anticipated prices. As suggested in our Spring Market Report the impact of the Argentinian crop is not driving down market prices leading to a little more scepticism about where prices will end.

As European prices continue to rise slowly prices from Argentina remain in line with their European counterparts. All crop indications are pointing to a good season (compared with 2014) with an approximate 85% recovery in volume.

Market prices USD 40.00 – 42.00 /kilo


Blue Cypress Oil

Blue Cypress Oil Callitris intratropica Harvest: All Year

Recent investments in a new boiler at Australia’s only producer has allowed for an increase in production to meet with the growing demands of the market. This expansion should give more stability to the product as it reaches a larger global audience. 

Market prices AUD 450.00 /kilo
Kunzea Oil

Kunzea Oil Kunzea ambigua Harvest: September - January

Production is stable along with prices as interests continue to develop in a variety of end-user markets. Meanwhile on-going projects are afoot to allow for a broader expansion in capacity, which could in turn bring its own new economies of scale.

Market prices AUD 280.00 /kilo
Sandalwood Oil Album

Sandalwood Oil Album Santalum album Harvest: March - November

There is a narrowing price gap between Australia’s new ‘Indian’ type sandalwood and the native Western Australian material, which is largely driven and controlled by one producer.

Prices for Santalum album have fallen as volumes start to increase and the economics of production improve, although it is more than likely that this is due to increased competition on the horizon. It is fair to say that whatever the reason for the lower prices, they create greater opportunities for existing users to consider switching to this more sustainable supply option and away from the traditional Indian and Sri Lankan origins.

As previously reported, there are vast amounts of plantation wood coming online in the coming months and years, coupled with new oil producers, which should soon turn the dynamics of this market in favour of the buyer.

Market prices AUD 2,500.00 /kilo
Sandalwood Oil WA

Sandalwood Oil WA Santalum spicatum Harvest: March - November

The market remains starved of oil and is reaching a critical point, perhaps leading many to consider whether they can keep this product as part of their long-term portfolio. Prices have risen beyond the historic rise of 10% per annum to reach new heights, largely due to the distribution monopoly in the market. This has attracted the attention of the local authorities and may lead to changes in the distribution channels before the planned review date of 2016.

It should be stressed that the current problems are considered short-term as newer plantation wood becomes available with new producers close to being able to offer fresh material. This, along with possible changes in the wood distribution channels, should ensure that before the end of 2015 supplies are more readily available, which will help ease tensions and bring market prices back to more competitive levels.

Market prices AUD 1,700.00 – 1,850.00 /kilo
Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil Melaleuca alternifolia Harvest: May - November

There have been few reports of any crop damage following some poor weather conditions in New South Wales in April, and some producers are reporting healthier than usual conditions for this time of year.

Harvesting for the 2015 season will start during May with the first oil available mid-June. At this stage it is expected that total production in Australia will reach 500 MT, a small increase that is in-line with global demand patterns.

Market prices AUD 47.00 – 48.00 /kilo


Lime Oil CP

Lime Oil CP Citrus latifolia Harvest: January - April

Brazilian lime sales remained on course at similar levels to 2014 but improved during April as Mexico’s output was reduced due to localised storms.
On a similar note, Brazil suffered from drought earlier in the year, which reduced output opportunities but this has improved because of good rains in recent weeks.

Prices are expected to remain stable until late June when production ends and reduced volumes are likely to lead to a premium (depending on the performance of other origins).

Market prices USD 41.00 – 43.00 /kilo
Orange Oil CP

Orange Oil CP Citrus sinensis Harvest: July - December

Forecasts for the 2015/16 crop are bad news for anyone still looking to cover material for this year. Initial suggestions claim there will be 20% less fruit compared with last season with 240-250 million boxes available.

In addition there are few carryover stocks at origin. This, coupled with the low expectations for the coming season, is contributing to fresh fruit price increases of around 60%.

Market prices USD 7.00 /kilo


Lavender Oil

Lavender Oil Lavandula angustifolia Harvest: July

It still remains a little early to fully assess how the 2015 crop will perform, although many farmers are reporting that everything is normal at this stage. The Eastern European winter was mild and, short of any unexpected negative changes, we anticipate a crop closer to the 2013 level of 120 MT rather than the 85 MT produced in 2014.

There remains a limited amount of material available in today’s market and suggestions are for very little carryover stock with most major users. This will keep upward pressure on the market even into the new season starting in August as demand is expected to be higher than usual.

Market prices USD 110.00 – 115.00 /kilo
Rose Oil

Rose Oil Rosa damascena Harvest: May - June

There appears to be no material remaining at origin but markets remain quiet, as they can typically be at this time of year. The crops are in a reasonable condition after the mild winter and the outlook remains positive for a typical crop in 2015.

More details are expected over the coming weeks and our team will be in Bulgaria early June to evaluate the situation ourselves.

Market prices N/A


Cassia Oil

Cassia Oil Cinnamomum cassia Harvest: May - July, October - December

Current prices remain low after the price fall earlier in the year but, as with everything from China, this trend will not last as a supply-demand readjustment is imminent.

It is understood that in the Guangxi Province many farmers have opted to switch to faster growing, more profitable plantations as cassia crude oil prices become too low to be sustainable. This is likely to reduce output for the year, which may fix the current over-supply situation, returning prices back to their more traditional levels. However, for now they remain low and could fall further before the predicted supply imbalance is felt by the market.

2015 production is expected to be around 380-400 MT, around 10% less than 2014.

Market prices USD 35.00 – 37.00 /kilo
Citronella Oil

Citronella Oil Cymbopogon winterianus Harvest: June - December

Supplies remain limited and we are still a few months away from the start of the crop season. As a result prices are rising especially as global demand also appears to be growing.

Market prices USD 18.00 – 19.00 /kilo
Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus Oil Eucalyptus globulus Harvest: July - October

The markets are a little confused at the moment as both output and demand have dropped in recent months. If demand returns then there is little crude oil available until June when new season material becomes available.

Today farmers’ costs are higher than the selling price, which would suggest that prices are likely to rise soon. However if demand remains weak this may not be seen in the short-term but if demand returns, prices could jump quickly.

Current prices are slightly below last year’s average and given the possible uncertainties in future pricing it may not be a bad time to try and book your next few months’ requirements now.

Market prices USD 12.50 /kilo
Garlic Oil

Garlic Oil Allium sativum L. Harvest: April - May

As we mentioned in April, garlic oil prices look set to rise further as output is reduced.

Inflation, labour and general production costs continue to rise and put pressure on this product. Additional tighter controls on distillation (due to the odour) enforced by the government are also impacting production costs and prices.

Furthermore prices of raw material have increased significantly since March and although market prices have not followed quite as dramatically, they are most likely to do so in the second half of 2015.BoyBook

Did you know that it takes 500 kilo of fresh garlic to produce 1 kilo of oil?”

Market prices USD 150.00 /kilo
Geranium Oil

Geranium Oil Pelargonium graveolens Harvest: May - September

May sees the start of the new harvest and in anticipation of a good crop market prices started to fall. Prices from China have been unreasonably high in comparison to other origins over the past 6-9 months but are expected to continue to drop as more material comes available. How far they will go down is the next question. Time will tell.

Market prices USD 140.00 - 150.00 /kilo
Lavender Oil

Lavender Oil Lavandula angustifolia Harvest: July - August

The Chinese have been vocal earlier than usual trying to gauge interest in the 2015 crops, which are expected to be poor. Today global market prices are reasonably firm but Chinese producers are indicating price increases near to 20% on what we see today.

Over recent years China’s output has been falling with repeatedly bad weather around April and May. This year hasn’t been any different and a large snowfall in early April damaged or destroyed much of the crop in Xinjiang Province. As a result, China’s net output is likely to be 30% less than in 2014.

Market prices USD 125.00 - 135.00 /kilo
Natural Citral ex Litsea

Natural Citral ex Litsea Litsea cubeba Harvest: July - October

The market is fairly settled at the moment as demand slows along with production. New season material will be available in August and it is hoped that this will add a little price relief to today’s levels.

Market prices USD 35.00 - 37.00 /kilo
Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil Melaleuca alternifolia Harvest: May - August

Some reports emerging in recent weeks suggest that China’s output will increase this year compared with 2014, although it is not expected to have any major impact on pricing.

Market prices USD 24.00 - 25.00 /kilo


Helichrysum Oil

Helichrysum Oil Helichrysum angustifolium Harvest: August - September

There will be a limited harvest period this year, which has been imposed by the government to curb illegal harvesting. This will take place between June 15th and August 15th.

With demand being fairly consistent it is thought that the lack of a spring harvest may result in a backlog of requirements once new season material is available.

It is too early to suggest the quality of yields.

Market prices N/A


Basil Oil Linalool

Basil Oil Linalool Ocimum basilicum L Harvest: June - September

Markets have been a little more stable in recent weeks as we await the start of the new season. The focus again will be on the quality of the material available rather than price with limited desired quality material expected once again.

Market prices USD 135.00 – 140.00 /kilo
Coriander Herb Oil

Coriander Herb Oil Coriandrum sativum L. Harvest: January - February, June - July

New harvests started in May and early indications suggest an average season. As we know, this is a different quality from the Russian material and can demand a premium price.

Market prices USD 140.00 – 150.00 /kilo
Cumin Seed Oil

Cumin Seed Oil Cuminum cyminum L. Harvest: May - June

There are a few mixed reports suggesting prices are set to increase into the new season although this is yet to be the case as demand was fairly flat for the past couple of months. The new season will start during May and in the coming weeks the situation will become clearer.

Market prices USD 100.00 /kilo +/-
Geranium Oil

Geranium Oil Pelargonium graveolens Harvest: June - July

For the past few months prices have been jumping around the lower regions for this product as there is plenty of surplus material from the 2014 crop. As the new season approaches you may see prices fall once again as this one remains a buyer’s market.

Market prices USD 85.00 /kilo
Jasmine Absolute

Jasmine Absolute Jasminum grandiflorum L. Harvest: June - November

Conditions appear to have been favourable suggesting a reasonable crop but much can change in the last few weeks prior to harvesting beginning in late June. The additional material planted last year should bring some welcome relief to the market after last year’s disappointing yields and qualities.

Market prices N/A
Parsley Leaf Oil

Parsley Leaf Oil Petroselinum crispum Harvest: April - May

Production is likely to start early June and at present the crop looks to be in a good condition. Much of the harvest is produced to order so now would be a good time to start forward planning.

Market prices N/A


Clary Sage Oil

Clary Sage Oil Salvia sclarea Harvest: June - July

The conditions throughout the winter and early spring have not brought about any reasons for concern about this year’s crops. As previously reported, we understand that some additional planting will bring about an extra 2-3 MT of oil this year should the conditions remain favourable between now and August.

During 2014 France produced around 8 MT of oil and this year could produce over 10 MT. This will bring some relief to the market which typically is under supplied, although it is not expected to help prices reduce but rather help encourage greater use instead.

Market prices Euro 125.00 – 150.00 /kilo (New Season)
Lavandin Abrialis

Lavandin Abrialis Lavandula hybrida var. abrialis Harvest: July - August

As with all French lavandin oils at the moment, material is scarce in the market and we wait with anticipation a little closer to August when we will know how the crops are likely to be.

Market prices N/A
Lavandin Grosso

Lavandin Grosso Lavandula hybrida var. grosso Harvest: July - August

No change from our last report as we are very much off-season at the moment. Thankfully, the plantations survived the winter elements and there is optimism for a good, healthy crop later in the year. Until then, markets remain firm with very limited volumes available.

Market prices N/A
Lavandin Super

Lavandin Super Lavandula hybrida var. super Harvest: July - August

There is no reason for concern after the winter period and we are optimistic that conditions will remain favourable until the harvest in August. Until then there is no material available in the market.

Market prices N/A


Black Pepper Oil

Black Pepper Oil Piper nigrum L. Harvest: December - February

The market remains stable or has a slight downward tendency depending on what you are paying. The last crop earlier in the year was healthy and it is expected that India will produce around 90 MT of oil this year – a little more than last year’s exports. With some carryover stocks, supply coming into the new season should not be an issue, which will in turn keep prices weak.

BoyPencil“Did you know India is the 2nd largest producer of black pepper in the world contributing around 20% of global supply? It is also the world’s largest pepper oil producer, exporting recently around 90 MT per annum.”

Market prices USD 95.00 – 100.00 /kilo
Cornmint Oil

Cornmint Oil Mentha arvensis Harvest: May - July

Planting is now complete (late April) and is much smaller than in previous years. It is anticipated that India will produce around 35% less Mentha arvensis in 2015 compared with 2014. With some surplus stocks still available prices remain weak, as demand has been significantly reduced, especially for the production of menthol now that synthetic menthol alternatives flood the market.

Market prices USD 22.00 – 24.00 /kilo
Lemongrass Oil

Lemongrass Oil Cymbopogon citratus Harvest: July - November

Demand and supply remain balanced but firm as farmers struggle to get on top of market requirements. This is not likely to change, which will ensure prices remain relatively firm for this product.

Market prices USD 20.00 – 22.00 /kilo
Lime Oil Distilled (Key)

Lime Oil Distilled (Key) Citrus aurantifolia Harvest: September - December

Indian lime has been generating much interest in recent weeks as a long-term alternative source of oil. As the largest fresh fruit producer in the world and being free of HLB, India has a great platform in which to establish a future oil production business. Today the volumes remain modest but reasonable with a little material currently available for those interested buyers.

Market prices USD 50.00 /kilo
Palmarosa Oil

Palmarosa Oil Cymbopogon martini Harvest: January - June

Price remains low as market demand stays weak. This is not expected to change in the near future

Market prices USD 28.00 – 30.00 /kilo
Peppermint Oil

Peppermint Oil Mentha piperita Harvest: April - July

A delay in planting due to poor weather conditions is resulting in both a loss of yields and a delay in harvesting. Usually at this time we would have a good assessment of crop conditions but these will only come towards the end of May (some 20 days late).

Expect fresh oil in June but with an estimated 35% loss in production also expect price to possibly rise.

Market prices USD 32.00 – 34.00 /kilo (1st Cut)
Spearmint Oil

Spearmint Oil Mentha spicata Harvest: July - August

It is hoped the yields from this year’s crop are healthy, as demand remains firm for this oil despite a 40% increase in production last year. We will see the net results of this later in June after the first harvest.

Market prices USD 24.00 – 26.00 /kilo


Cananga Oil

Cananga Oil Cananga odorata Harvest: June - August

There has been some fresh demand from the market in recent weeks but at this stage supply is in line with this and the market remains well balanced.

Market prices USD 57.00 /kilo
Citronella Oil

Citronella Oil Cymbopogon winterianus Harvest: October - February

Supply is good at present and citronella looks to be a good buy from Indonesia at the moment, especially with Chinese prices rising. The market has realised this and it is expected that sales in May and June will be strong so it is recommended to book as soon as possible.

Market prices USD 16.50 /kilo +/-
Clove Oil

Clove Oil Eugenia caryophyllata Harvest: May - September

There has been some recent pressure on raw material supplies as persistent rains have restricted collection in recent weeks. Additionally the recent fluctuations in exchange rates are causing price changes sometimes daily. Overall the market remains relatively stable but an increase in demand could easily see prices start to rise.

Market prices Leaf 85% Rect. 15.30 USD /kilo | Bud USD 23 /kilo | Leaf Crude 73-82% 12.0 - 13.90 /kilo | Stem USD 17.00 /kilo | Eugenol USD 16.50-17.00 /kilo +/-
Massoia Bark Oil

Massoia Bark Oil Cryptocaria massoia Harvest: September - May

A similar story to that of recent months – demand is firm and raw material supplies are not easily available. Prices are steady for the moment but if and when raw materials become available it is certainly a seller’s market.BoyGlobe

“Don’t forget to check out Van Aroma’s new website which is full of interesting facts on how their products are produced”

Market prices USD 625.00 /kilo (90% C10) USD 675.00 /kilo (95% C10)
Nutmeg Oil

Nutmeg Oil Myristica fragrans Houtt. Harvest: All Year

It appears the on-going weekly price crashes are over and in recent weeks the market has become more stable. At what price levels everyone remains comfortable with for future supplies is not yet known. It is known that many buyers had delayed new purchases in order to see how far the markets could fall but it now appears that more people are starting to invest in stocks much to the relief of many producers.

We believe that whilst buyers and end-users have enjoyed the sudden price decrease the market is in an unhealthy position and buyers should remain vigilant when it comes to what qualities they buy and in the long-term relationships with their suppliers.

Market prices USD 45.00 – 65.00 /kilo (quality depending)
Patchouli Oil

Patchouli Oil Pogostemon cablin Harvest: All Year

As we have been continuing to report over the past year this is becoming a two speed market when it comes to just this one product. Whilst on the face of it prices continue to bounce around (as we so often expect with patchouli), it does depend dramatically on what quality and origin you are accustomed too.

In recent weeks the market has been very strong with big demand coming from all corners of the world. Currency fluctuations and supply issues from both Sumatra and Sulawesi have contributed to the yo-yo effect on prices and over the past month the price trend has certainly been upwards.

This is expected to continue as the major producers are at full capacity and we should remember that any low prices heard in the market are likely to be for low PA and high acid material. As previously reported, the market is used to a more refined grade of oil and as such more and more costly processing is required to produce today’s market standards since the natural standards derived from a single steam distillation process (in particular from Sulawesi material) are simply not good enough.

We would encourage all buyers to consider their next few months’ requirements and stay ahead of their usual demand patterns in case any additional pressure comes into play.

Here’s another reminder to read our publication on Patchouli Migration to understand better some of the dynamics affecting this product.

Market prices USD 52.00 – 74.00 /kilo
Vetiver Oil

Vetiver Oil Vetiveria zizanioides Harvest: January - July

Local prices have increased strongly in recent weeks as demand is exceeding what can be physically supplied. Yields have decreased dramatically over the last few months meaning that farmers are looking for a much higher price to compensate for this loss, while at the same time demand is at its all time highest.

Market prices USD 180.00 | 195.00 | 220.00 /kilo Crude | Rectified |M.D.


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. Harvest: November - January, April - July

The heavy rains over recent months have resulted in an estimated 30% reduction in fresh lemon fruits, which has a direct impact on the quantity processed.

Since November and into the first quarter of 2015 Italian prices have led the market but this recent disappointment is likely to readdress the balance in global market prices. Today the Italians supply the higher priced material but this is not unfair given that it is regarded as the best quality.

Demand remains firm despite recent price pressures and this is not expected to change in the near future.

Market prices Euro 37.00 – 39.00 /kilo
Orange Oil Blood

Orange Oil Blood Citrus sinensis Harvest: December - February

The combination of the wet winter and the hot spring has severely damaged crop expectations for this season. Previous estimates of a 30% reduction have further decreased in recent weeks as the full extent of the damage was realised.

In February it rained for 22 days and in March for 13 days. During this time, harvesting stopped and therefore supplies to the market were cut. This started to add some pressure to the supply and demand situation. Then followed a period of hot weather and the net result was many rotten oranges falling to the ground.

Many processors are struggling to fulfil consignments and as a result others are reluctant to take on new business. Today prices remain firm and rising.

Market prices Euro 7.00 – 7.50 /kilo


Lime Oil Distilled (Key)

Lime Oil Distilled (Key) Citrus aurantifolia Harvest: May - August

The situation for Key Limes in Mexico has been finely balanced for many months with limited movement on export prices. Still suffering from the HLB (Greening) effects, Mexico’s fresh fruit output has been reduced over the last year as they struggle to keep on top of global demand. Further complicating effects occurred during early April when many regions were hit by heavy storms, some reportedly considered the worst for 40 years!

Demand also shows no signs of slowing as consumer products look to add more oil into their lines, especially in the beverage sector. It is also thought that there are less than usual amounts of material in the overall supply chain as many resisted carrying too much stock over the past year.

Overall supplies remain steady, prices stable but firm and the recommendation is to ensure sufficient cover as it is unlikely that prices will fall soon.

Market prices USD 45.00 – 47.00 /kilo


Clary Sage Oil

Clary Sage Oil Salvia sclarea L. Harvest: July - August

It is still a little early to anticipate the results of this summer’s harvest but the plants survived the mild winter so it is not expected to be any less than last year. That said 2014 was a disappointing season as around 20% of oil yields were lost due to the early strong heat before harvesting. Hopefully there will be no repeat this year and volumes should recover.

Today the market is short of material with limited supplies still available from last year. Even after a good season it is not expected that prices will drop dramatically as it will depend more on the global supply situation rather than just that of Russia.

Market prices USD 165.00 /kilo
Coriander Herb Oil

Coriander Herb Oil Coriandrum sativum L. Harvest: May - June

There are still some remaining stocks in the market from the 2014 season suggesting that demand is a little lower than usual. That said, as most oil is produced to demand, we could quickly see the markets re-balanced in a few months. The next harvest in Russia is expected to commence in July, when it is expected that price may soften slightly.

Market prices USD 95.00 /kilo
Coriander Seed Oil

Coriander Seed Oil Corriandrum sativum L. Harvest: July - August

The market is looking a little more complex at the moment. As we have seen, demand has been high all year, with oil supplies struggling to keep up, causing prices to remain firm. Despite this apparent demand there is known to be raw material seed reserves still available from 2014 but due to localised complexities this has not been distilled for oil.

The overall picture for 2015 is still a little early to fully assess. Positively the winter months have been kind and the wet spring is making the crops look particularly healthy for this time of year. Additional plantings last year should also help the supply situation as all the growing areas in Southern Russia, Ukraine and Crimea invested in new plantations.

On the negative side, the wet spring has restricted the use of herbicides and the net result could mean more weeds contaminating and influencing the harvest when it arrives in July / August. The full impact of this will not be seen for another couple of months. Additionally, we have seen a strong demand coming from the fresh seed market, especially from India. Demand is growing globally so it will be interesting to see whether the expected additional crops will compensate for the growing demand and bring some much needed stability to the oil market.

Today the market remains firm.

Market prices USD 130.00 /kilo
Lavender Oil

Lavender Oil Lavandula angustifolia Harvest: July - August

It appears to be an annual event over recent years where Russia / Ukraine report on some sort of ‘condition’ that leads to a shortage in crop expectations. Sadly this year would seem to be no different. After a mild winter, just two days of frosts coming during early spring has damaged the crop significantly. This will ensure that 2015 remains a low production year with no more oil expected to be produced than in 2014.

Market prices USD 95.00 /kilo


Basil Oil Linalool

Basil Oil Linalool Ocimum basilicum L Harvest: August - September

No changes. No availability at present and production from the next harvest is expected from August onwards. It is important to plan ahead as there is usually very little surplus material available after production since most is pre-sold.

Market prices N/A
Blue Chamomile Oil

Blue Chamomile Oil Matricaria chamomilla (L.) Harvest: December - February

Production was completed in March and the season was deemed disappointing after a 20% loss in yields due to unfavourable weather conditions over the winter months.

Total output from the Terai Region is estimated around 400 kilos. Prices are expected to remain stable despite the lower output, as demand is weak.

Market prices USD 600.00 /kilo

North Africa

Neroli Oil

Neroli Oil Citrus aurantium Harvest: April - May

Neroli harvesting and production is now complete with similar quantities as last year seemingly produced. Unfortunately a large proportion of this harvest is already committed to buyers who had been waiting in anticipation, leaving market prices firm with the possibility of increasing further.

Market prices N/A


Cabreuva Oil

Cabreuva Oil Myrocarpus frondosus Harvest: All Year

There are continuing pressures on availability, which show no signs of relenting in the near future. Our advice is to plan ahead to ensure you are on the list to get supplied as and when material becomes available.

Market prices USD 44.00 /kilo
Guaiacwood Oil

Guaiacwood Oil Bulnesia Sarmientoi Harvest: All Year

Production has increased after the summer months and supplies are back to normal. There are stocks at origin and therefore availability is good and should stay this way for the foreseeable future despite strong market demand.

Market prices USD 23.00 /kilo
Petitgrain Oil

Petitgrain Oil Citrus aurantium ssp. Harvest: All Year

The message from Paraguay remains the same. Low availability and high demand are causing major supply issues and prices to rise. It is not expected to improve soon, although a little more harvesting and production has been seen in recent weeks. It will take a reasonable amount of time to rebalance the markets even if supplies continue to slowly increase.

Market prices USD 59.00 – 61.00 /kilo

South Africa

Eucalyptus Oil Radiata

Eucalyptus Oil Radiata Eucalyptus Radiata Harvest: August - October

Collections have been very slow over the past months, as labour issues in key harvesting areas remain challenging. It is hard to see at this stage how and when this is likely to recover. As a result supply remain tights and prices firm.

Market prices USD 30.00 /kilo +/-
Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. Harvest: July - September

The 2015 harvest has started although some 2014 oil volumes still remain available. It is expected that South Africa again will have a good year with expectations that 60,000 MT of fruit will be sent for processing. Today South African lemon oil prices remain stable.

Market prices USD 31.00 – 33.00 /kilo
Orange Oil CP

Orange Oil CP Citrus sinensis Harvest: June - September

Some 2015 production has started early but will intensify over the next few months. To date, expectations are for a similar year to that of last year when we saw production volumes higher than usual.

Market prices USD 6.50 /kilo
Tagette Oil

Tagette Oil Tagetes erecta Harvest: June - August

Supply has been modestly good over the last season as late rains allowed for a longer flowering period. Demand has been firm in recent months but prices have remained at the same levels as they ended 2014.

Market prices USD 150.00 – 220.00 /kilo on ocimene levels


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F. Harvest: November - July

The winter ‘Fino’ and ‘Primafiori’ seasons have now officially ended with the summer ‘Verna’ season now underway. The closing figures from the winter season show a 9% growth against 2014 figures with production of fresh lemons reaching 780,000 MT.

Whilst this is good news the same cannot be said for the oil market. European demand for fresh lemons have been high which has kept fruit prices high with little or none of this growth heading down the processing line. As a result, this has kept pressure on the oil markets and prices relatively firm.

The new season of ‘Verna’ lemons is also expected to be good with early estimates calculated at 300,000 MT over the next 3 months. Oil prices are expected to remain stable but firm over the coming months.

Market prices Euro 33.00 – 35.00 /kilo


Grapefruit Oil

Grapefruit Oil Citrus paradisi Harvest: December - April

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has revised down earlier expectations on the state of the Florida grapefruit crop by 2 million boxes. Earlier expectations had suggested figures of 15 million boxes but as a result of the reassessment have been revised to 13 million boxes.

In late March we heard that around 58% of coloured grapefruit has been harvested and around 39% of white grapefruit. Prices locally are firming.

Market prices USD 27.50 – 29.00 /kilo (White) | USD 17.50 – 18.50 /kilo (Coloured)
Orange Oil

Orange Oil Citrus sinensis Harvest: February - May

A review by the USDA in April concluded that there would be no further revisions to those already amended on several occasions this year, which remains at 102 million boxes, around a 5% reduction in output. Valencia output is at 55 million boxes and non-Valencia 47 million boxes.

The big problem for oil buyers is the low aldehyde content, which on average is under 1% and as low as 0.8% from some batches. This sort of low aldehyde level is extremely rare.

Prices in Florida, as they are throughout the global market, are firming on what appears to be a very difficult year for the orange oil industry.boyDesk

Did you know “In America Florida is the largest producer of oranges, accounting for about 70 percent of total U.S production”

Market prices USD 7.00 /kilo +/-